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Botanical Interest seed packets

Gardening Terms to Decode Your Seed Packets

Botanical Interests Flower Seed Packets

Seed Packet Lingo

Understanding the terminology on seed packets goes a long way to choosing the right seeds for your garden. Here's a list of some of the most common terms and their definitions.
Varieties that complete their life cycle in one year or less, requiring re-planting each year.

Determinate varieties produce the vast majority of their fruit in a short time span. These are ideal for food preserving.

Direct Sow
These seeds are only planted directly into the prepared garden bed. Direct-sow seeds do not tolerate transplanting.

Genetically Modified Organism (GMO)
These seeds or plants are genetically engineered. All GMO seeds are only available to farmers now, and not to home gardeners.

Generally, heirloom varieties are proven to be at least 50 years old. They are open-pollinated, and the saved seeds will “breed true.”

Hybrid, also known as F1, F2 or even F3 Hybrids
Hybrids are a cross between two plants to breed desirable characteristics, such as disease resistance, higher yields, or growth habit. Seeds from hybrid plants will not “breed true” and are not suitable for saving. Hybrids are not GMOs.

Indeterminate varieties produce over a long time period, providing yields for months.

Seeds saved from these varieties will “breed true”, growing into nearly identical plants as the plant they were harvested from.

These plants or seeds are grown under strict USDA guidelines for soil quality, and the use of pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers.

Varieties that live for more than two years.

When more than one seed is planted (either for transplant or direct sow), more than one seed may sprout. To maintain proper distance between plants, extra sprouts are removed by thinning.

USDA Hardiness Zones
A guide for gardeners that defines 13 growing zones that takes into account how cold an area is. Each zone is 10℉ different from the next zone, and each zone is further divided by another 5℉ into (a) and (b). The USDA zone system is not the same as the Sunset zones system.

Find your USDA zone here: California Interactive 2012 USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map
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